Now, through the National Library of Medicine's "Turning the Pages" system, you can unroll the Edwin Smith Surgical Papyrus online and read it in English. Written in Ancient Egypt around 1600 BC, it discusses a number of trauma surgery cases using scientific understanding rather than magic. This amazing 15-foot long scroll is owned by the New York Academy of Medicine.
See the press release for more information. You must have Flash on your computer to view this. http://www.blogger.com/post-edit.g?blogID=6914301612335020061&postID=869660298391262597
The Historical Collection in the Medical Library includes a copy of a book that shows the papyrus and translates it into hieroglypics and English.